Polythiophene-g-poly(ethylene glycol) graft copolymers for electroactive scaffolds
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Rights accessOpen Access
The properties, microscopic organization and behavior as the cellular matrix of an all-conjugated polythiophene backbone (PTh) and well-de fi ned poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) grafted chains have been investigated using di ff erent experimental techniques and molecular dynamic simulations. UV-vis spectroscopy has been used to determine the optical band gap, which has been found to vary between 2.25 and 2.9 eV depending on the length of the PEG chains and the chemical nature of the dopant anion, and to detect polaron / bipolaron transitions between band gap states. The two graft copolymers have been found to be excellent cellular matrices, their behavior being remarkably better than that found for other biocompatible polythiophene derivatives [ e.g. poly(3,4- ethylenedioxythiophene)]. This is fully consistent with the hydrophilicity of the copolymers, which increases with the molecular weight of the PEG chains, and the molecular organization predicted by atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Graft copolymers tethered to the surface tend to form biphasic structures in solvated environments ( i.e. extended PTh and PEG fragments are perpendicular and parallel to the surface, respectively) while they collapse onto the surface in desolvated environments. Furthermore, the electrochemical activity and the maximum of current density are remarkably higher for samples coated with cells than for uncoated samples, suggesting multiple biotechnological applications in which the transmission with cells is carried out at the electrochemical leve
CitationBendrea, A. [et al.]. Polythiophene-g-poly(ethylene glycol) graft copolymers for electroactive scaffolds. "Journal of materials chemistry B", 2013, p. 4135-4145.