A contactless capacitive angular-position sensor
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Rights accessOpen Access
This paper presents an absolute capacitive angular-position sensor with a contactless rotor. The sensor is mainly composed of three parts: the capacitive sensing element, a signal processor, and a microcontroller. The electrically floating rotor can be either conductive or dielectric. For the dielectric material, we chose plastic, and for the conductive rotor, we chose aluminum. The sensing element has a redundant structure, which reduces mechanical nonidealities. The signal processor has a multicapacitance input and a single output, which is a period-modulated square-wave voltage. The microcontroller acquires output data from the processor and sends them to a PC, which calculates the rotor position. Theoretical analysis, supported by experimental results, show that the sensitivity to mechanical nonidealities of the sensing element is higher in the case of a conductive rotor. The resolution of the capacitive angular-position sensor over the full range (360/spl deg/) was better than 1". The measured nonlinearity was /spl plusmn/ 100" and /spl plusmn/ 300" for the dielectric and the conductive rotor, respectively.
CitationGasulla Forner, M.; Li, Xiujun; Meijer, Gerard C. M... et al. A contactless capacitive angular-position sensor. IEEE Sensors Journal, 2003, Vol. 3, No. 5, 607-614