Properties of In situ polymerized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/alumina composites for energy storage applications
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Composites formed by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and alumina (PEDOT/Al2O3) have been prepared by in situ anodic polymerization. For this purpose, the stability of 1:1 and 4:1 monomer:alumina aqueous solutions has been examined as a function of the pH (2.3, 4.0, 7.0, 8.8, or 10.8). Results indicate that the monomer behaves as a dispersant that remains stable at the studied basic pHs despite they are close to the isoelectric point of alumina. Although the thermal stability of the composites is considerably affected by the pH of the reaction medium, its influence on the surface morphology is very small. Independently, of the synthetic conditions, the electrochemical properties were better for PEDOT/Al2O3 than for pure PEDOT, reflecting that alumina particles promote the charge mobility. The highest specific capacitance (SC; 141 F/g), which was 55% higher than that obtained for pure PEDOT, was achieved for the composite prepared at pH¿=¿8.8 using a 4:1 monomer:alumina ratio. These conditions favor the participation of OH– groups as secondary doping agents without degrading the polymer matrix and enhance the specific surface of the films, facilitating the ionic mobility. On the other hand, application of a multi-step polymerization strategy has shown that interfaces originated by consecutive steps enhance the SC.
CitationSaborío, M., Estrany, F., Aleman, C. Properties of In situ polymerized poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/alumina composites for energy storage applications. "Journal of polymer science. Part B, polymer physics", 1 Agost 2017, vol. 55, núm. 15, p. 1131-1141.