Concurrent finite element simulation of quadrupolar and dipolar flow noise in low Mach number aeroacoustics
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The computation of flow-induced noise at low Mach numbers usually relies on a two-step hybrid methodolgy. In the first step, an incompressible fluid dynamics simulation (CFD) is performed and an acoustic source term is derived from it. The latter becomes the inhomogeneous term for an acoustic wave equation, which is solved in the second step, often resorting to boundary integral formulations. In the presence of rigid bodies, Curie's acoustic analogy is probably the most extended approach. It has been shown that Curie's boundary dipolar noise contribution does in fact correspond to the diffraction of the quadrupolar aerodynamic noise generated by the flow past the rigid body. In this work, advantage is taken from this fact to propose an alternative computational methodology to get the individual quadrupolar and dipolar contributions to the total acoustic pressure. For any linear acoustic wave operator, the unknown acoustic pressure can be split into its incident and diffracted components and be computed simultaneously to the incompressible flow field, in a single finite element computational run. This circumvents the problem found in Curie's analogy of needing the total pressure at the body's boundary, which includes the acoustic pressure fluctuations. The latter cannot be obtained from an incompressible CFD simulation. The proposed unified strategy could be beneficial for a large variety problems such as those involving noise generated from duct terminations, or those related with the simulation of fricatives in numerical voice production, among many others.
CitationGuasch, O., Pont-Ribas, A., Baiges, J., Codina, R. Concurrent finite element simulation of quadrupolar and dipolar flow noise in low Mach number aeroacoustics. "Computers and fluids", Juliol 2016, vol. 133, p. 129-139.