On the construction of high dimensional simple games
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Voting is a commonly applied method for the aggregation of the preferences of multiple agents into a joint decision. If preferences are binary, i.e., “yes” and “no”, every voting system can be described by a (monotone) Boolean function : f0; 1gn ! f0; 1g. However, its naive encoding needs 2n bits. The subclass of threshold functions, which is sufficient for homogeneous agents, allows a more succinct representation using n weights and one threshold. For heterogeneous agents one can represent as an intersection of k threshold functions. Taylor and Zwicker have constructed a sequence of examples requiring k 2 n2 ¿1 and provided a construction guaranteeingk ¿ n bn=2c 2 2n¿o(n). The magnitude of the worst case situation was thought to be determined by Elkind et al. in 2008, but the analysis unfortunately turned out to be wrong. Here we uncover a relation to coding theory that allows the determination of the minimum number k for a subclass of voting systems. As an application, we give a construction for k 2n¿o(n), i.e., there is no gain from a representation complexity point of view.
CitacióOlsen, M., Kurz, S., Molinero, X. On the construction of high dimensional simple games. A: European Conference on Artificial Intelligence. "ECAI 2016: 22nd European Conference on Artificial Intelligence: 29 August–2 September 2016, The Hague, The Netherlands: proceedings". New York: IOS Press, 2016, p. 880-885.