PENELOPE-2008: A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport
Document typeWorking paper
Rights accessOpen Access
The computer code system PENELOPE (version 2008) performs Monte Carlo simulation of coupled electron-photon transport in arbitrary materials for a wide energy range, from a few hundred eV to about 1 GeV. Photon transport is simulated by means of the standard, detailed simulation scheme. Electron and positron histories are generated on the basis of a mixed procedure, which combines detailed simulation of hard events with condensed simulation of soft interactions. A geometry package called PENGEOM permits the generation of random electron-photon showers in material systems consisting of homogeneous bodies limited by quadric surfaces, i.e., planes, spheres, cylinders, etc. This report is intended not only to serve as a manual of the PENELOPE code system, but also to provide the user with the necessary information to understand the details of the Monte Carlo algorithm.
CitationSalvat, F.; Fernández-Varea, J.; Sempau, J. "PENELOPE-2008: A Code System for Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron and Photon Transport". 2009.