Ground-penetrating radar evaluation of the ancient Mycenaean monument Tholos Acharnon tomb
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The assessment of cultural heritage requires high-resolution and non-destructive methodologies. Ground-penetrating radar is widely applied in the inspection of historical buildings. However, some structures with curved surfaces make the radar data acquisition process difficult and consequently the following data interpretation. This paper describes a case study concerning a circular and buried Greek monument. This monument is a magnificent tomb buried with irregular stones. However, its structure and the internal stones arrangement are unknown. Therefore, a radar survey was carried out to achieve two main objectives: (i) identification of hidden elements and arrangement of the stones and (ii) detection of specific zones where further restoration and maintenance should be recommended. The methodology for the radar data acquisition involves the use of a laser scan in order to define accurately each radar line, covering all the internal surface of the tomb. Radar data processing was developed by converting Cartesian coordinates into polar coordinates. This procedure allows defining better the internal anomalies, improving the radar data interpretation. The main results of the survey were three: (i) the presence of a hidden target buried in the corridor access to the tomb; (ii) the description of the internal structure of the walls of the tomb, defining the stones arrangement and the position and depth to the keystone; and (iii) the existence of delimited zones where the signal is highly attenuated, probably due to a high salt content.
CitationSantos Assunçao, S., Dimitriadis, K., Konstantakis, Y., Perez-Gracia, V., Anagnostopoulou, E., Gonzalez-Drigo, J.R. Ground-penetrating radar evaluation of the ancient Mycenaean monument Tholos Acharnon tomb. "Near surface geophysics", 1 Abril 2016, vol. 14, núm. 2, p. 197-205.