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dc.contributor.authorMontañá Puig, Juan
dc.contributor.authorFabró Tàpia, Ferran
dc.contributor.authorVan der Velde, Oscar Arnoud
dc.contributor.authorMarch Nomen, Víctor
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Earle R.
dc.contributor.authorPineda Ruegg, Nicolau
dc.contributor.authorRomero Durán, David
dc.contributor.authorSolà de las Fuentes, Glòria
dc.contributor.authorFreijo Álvarez, Modesto
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Elèctrica
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-18T10:07:17Z
dc.date.available2016-07-18T10:07:17Z
dc.date.issued2016-01-01
dc.identifier.citationMontaña, J., Fabro, F., Van Der Velde, O., March, V., Williams, E.R., Pineda, N., Romero, D., Sola, G., Freijo, M. Global distribution of winter lightning: a threat to wind turbines and aircraft. "Natural hazards and earth system sciences", 01 Gener 2016, vol. 16, núm. 6, p. 1465-1472.
dc.identifier.issn1561-8633
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/88853
dc.description.abstractLightning is one of the major threats to multi-megawatt wind turbines and a concern for modern aircraft due to the use of lightweight composite materials. Both wind turbines and aircraft can initiate lightning, and very favorable conditions for lightning initiation occur in winter thunderstorms. Moreover, winter thunderstorms are characterized by a relatively high production of very energetic lightning. This paper reviews the different types of lightning interactions and summarizes the well-known winter thunderstorm areas. Until now comprehensive maps of global distribution of winter lightning prevalence to be used for risk assessment have been unavailable. In this paper we present the global winter lightning activity for a period of 5 years. Using lightning location data and meteorological re-analysis data, six maps are created: annual winter lightning stroke density, seasonal variation of the winter lightning and the annual number of winter thunderstorm days. In the Northern Hemisphere, the maps confirmed Japan to be one of the most active regions but other areas such as the Mediterranean and the USA are active as well. In the Southern Hemisphere, Uruguay and surrounding area, the southwestern Indian Ocean and the Tasman Sea experience the highest activity. The maps provided here can be used in the development of a risk assessment.
dc.format.extent8 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Energies::Energia elèctrica::Electricitat
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Energies::Energia eòlica::Aerogeneradors
dc.subject.lcshWind turbines
dc.subject.lcshLightning
dc.subject.otherTHUNDERSTORM ELECTRIFICATION
dc.subject.otherDETECTION EFFICIENCY
dc.subject.otherLOCATION NETWORK
dc.subject.otherDISCHARGES
dc.subject.otherSYSTEMS
dc.subject.otherPRECIPITATION
dc.subject.otherALTITUDE
dc.subject.otherFLASHES
dc.subject.otherSPRITES
dc.subject.otherEVENTS
dc.titleGlobal distribution of winter lightning: a threat to wind turbines and aircraft
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacAerogeneradors
dc.subject.lemacLlamps
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. LRG - Lightning Research Group
dc.identifier.doi10.5194/nhess-16-1465-2016
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
local.identifier.drac18711602
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO/1PE/ESP2013-48032-C5-3-R
local.citation.authorMontaña, J.; Fabro, F.; Van Der Velde, O.; March, V.; Williams, E.R.; Pineda, N.; Romero, D.; Sola, G.; Freijo, M.
local.citation.publicationNameNatural hazards and earth system sciences
local.citation.volume16
local.citation.number6
local.citation.startingPage1465
local.citation.endingPage1472


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Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license : Attribution 3.0 Spain