Behavioural Specialisation in Embodied Evolutionary Robotics: Why so Difficult?
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European Commisision's projectDREAM - Deferred Restructuring of Experience in Autonomous Machines (EC-H2020-640891)
EPNET - Production and distribution of food during the Roman Empire: Economics and political dynamics. (EC-FP7-340828)
Embodied evolutionary robotics is an on-line distributed learning method used in collective robotics where robots are facing open environments. This paper focuses on learning behavioral specialization, as defined by robots being able to demonstrate different kind of behaviors at the same time (e.g., division of labor). Using a foraging task with two resources available in limited quantities, we show that behavioral specialization is unlikely to evolve in the general case, unless very specific conditions are met regarding interactions between robots (a very sparse communication network is required) and the expected outcome of specialization (specialization into groups of similar sizes is easier to achieve). We also show that the population size (the larger the better) as well as the selection scheme used (favoring exploration over exploitation) both play important – though not always mandatory – roles. This research sheds light on why existing embodied evolution algorithms are limited with respect to learning efficient division of labor in the general case, i.e., where it is not possible to guess before deployment if behavioral specialization is required or not, and gives directions to overcome current limitations.
CitationMontanier, Jean-Marc; Carrignon, Simon; Bredeche, Nicolas. Behavioural Specialisation in Embodied Evolutionary Robotics: Why so Difficult?. "", 04 Juliol 2016, vol. 3, núm. 38.