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dc.contributor.authorDelshams Valdés, Amadeu
dc.contributor.authorLlave Canosa, Rafael de la
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Seara Alonso, M. Teresa
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Matemàtica Aplicada I
dc.description.abstractWe introduce a geometric mechanism for di?usion in a priori unstable nearly integrable dynamical systems. It is based on the observation that resonances, besides destroying the primary KAM tori, create secondary tori and tori of lower dimension. We argue that these objects created by resonances can be incorporated in transition chains taking the place of the destroyed primary KAM tori. We establish rigorously the existence of this mechanism in a simple model that has been studied before. The main technique is to develop a toolkit to study, in a unified way, tori of different topologies and their invariant manifolds, their intersections as well as shadowing properties of these bi-asymptotic orbits. This toolkit is based on extending and unifying standard techniques. A new tool used here is the scattering map of normally hyperbolic invariant manifolds. The model considered is a one-parameter family, which for " = 0 is an integrable system. We give a small number of explicit conditions the jet of order 3 of the family that, if verified imply diffusion. The conditions are just that some explicitely constructed functionals do not vanish identically or have non-degenerate critical points, etc. An attractive feature of the mechanism is that the transition chains are shorter in the places where the heuristic intuition and numerical experimentation suggests that the diffusion is strongest.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Spain
dc.subject.lcshHamiltonian dynamical systems
dc.subject.lcshLagrangian functions
dc.subject.otherArnol'd diffusion,
dc.subject.otherheteroclinic connections
dc.titleA geometric mechanism for diffusion in Hamiltonian systems overcoming the large gap problem: heuristics and rigorous verification on a model.
dc.subject.lemacHamilton, Sistemes de
dc.subject.lemacLagrange, Funcions de
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. EGSA - Equacions Diferencials, Geometria, Sistemes Dinàmics i de Control, i Aplicacions
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::37 Dynamical systems and ergodic theory::37J Finite-dimensional Hamiltonian, Lagrangian, contact, and nonholonomic systems
dc.subject.amsClassificació AMS::70 Mechanics of particles and systems::70H Hamiltonian and Lagrangian mechanics
dc.rights.accessOpen Access

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