Reactive interstitial and reparative fibrosis as substrates for cardiac ectopic pacemakers and reentries
Document typePart of book or chapter of book
Rights accessOpen Access
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, IWBBIO 2016, held in Granada, Spain, in April 2016. The 69 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 286 submissions. The scope of the conference spans the following areas: bioinformatics for healthcare and diseases; biomedical image analysis; biomedical signal analysis; computational systems for modeling biological processes; eHealth; tools for next generation sequencing data analysis; assistive technology for people with neuromotor disorders; fundamentals of biological dynamics and maximization of the information extraction from the experiments in the biological systems; high performance computing in bioinformatics, computational biology and computational chemistry; human behavior monitoring, analysis and understanding; pattern recognition and machine learning in the -omics sciences; and resources for bioinformatics.Dangerous cardiac arrhythmias have been frequently associated with focal sources of fast pulses, i.e. ectopic pacemakers. However, there is a lack of experimental evidences that could explain how ectopic pacemakers could be formed in cardiac tissue. In recent studies, we have proposed a new theory for the genesis of ectopic pacemakers in pathological cardiac tissues: reentry inside microfbrosis, i.e., a small region where excitable myocytes and non-conductive material coexist. In this work, we continue this investigation by comparing different types of fibrosis, reparative and reactive interstitial fibrosis. We use detailed and modern models of cardiac electrophysiology that account for the micro-structure of cardiac tissue. In addition, for the solution of our models we use, for the first time, a new numerical algorithm based on the Uniformization method. Our simulation results suggest that both types of fibrosis can support reentries, and therefore can generate in-silico ectopic pacemakers. However, the probability of reentries differs quantitatively for the different types of fibrosis. In addition, the new Uniformization method yields 20-fold increase in cardiac tissue simulation speed and, therefore, was an essential technique that allowed the execution of over a thousand of simulations.
Citationsachetto, R., Gouvêa, B., Moreira, J., Lobosco, M., Alonso, S., Bär, M., Weber, R. Reactive interstitial and reparative fibrosis as substrates for cardiac ectopic pacemakers and reentries. A: "Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering: 4th International Conference, IWBBIO 2016: Granada, Spain, April 20-22, 2016, Proceedings : selected papers". Berlín: Springer, 2016, p. 346-357.