Characterization of concrete by calibrating thermo-hydraulic multiphase flow models
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Evaporation tests in concrete columns have been analysed by numerical models to characterize the thermo-hydraulic properties and the processes in concrete. Two evaporation tests were performed: a column heated by a lamp and a column kept in room conditions. The conceptual model considers unsaturated liquid flow and transport of vapour and energy. We also calculated models that take into account the dissolved salts to study its effect on vapour pressure and evaporation. A retention curve has been obtained from relative humidity and gravimetric water content measured after dismantling the tests. The models have been calibrated by adjusting the model's results to the measured data of water loss, relative humidity and temperature inside the concrete. The parameters obtained with the calibration are the permeability, thermal conductivity, boundary conditions and a tortuosity factor for vapour diffusion. Results show that the vapour diffusion is the dominant water transport process above an evaporation front, and liquid advection is dominant below it.
CitationChaparro, M.C., Saaltink, M., Villar, M.V. Characterization of concrete by calibrating thermo-hydraulic multiphase flow models. "Transport in porous media", 01 Agost 2015, vol. 109, núm. 1, p. 147-167.