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dc.contributor.authorCanals Casals, Lluc
dc.contributor.authorMartinez-Laserna, Egoitz
dc.contributor.authorAmante García, Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorNieto, Nerea
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria de Projectes i de la Construcció
dc.identifier.citationCanals, L., Martinez-Laserna, E., Amante, B., Nieto, N. Sustainability analysis of the electric vehicle use in Europe for CO2 emissions reduction. "Journal of cleaner production", Juliol 2016, vol. 127, p. 425-437
dc.description.abstractElectric vehicles are considered the most promising alternative to internal combustion engine vehicles towards a cleaner transportation sector. Having null tailpipe emissions, electric vehicles contribute to fight localized pollution, which is particularly important in overpopulated urban areas. However, the electric vehicle implies greenhouse gas emissions related to its production and to the electricity generation needed to charge its batteries. This study focuses the analysis on how the electric vehicle emissions vary when compared to internal combustion engine vehicles, depending on the electric power plant fleet and the efficiency during the use-phase. For this to be done, the GWP associated to the electricity generation on the electric vehicle most selling European countries are calculated. Similarly, electric vehicle’s use-phase energy efficiency is calculated under a wide range of driving conditions using the Monte Carlo method. The results from energy production and energy use-phases are compared to the GWP calculated for internal combustion engine vehicles for six different driving cycles, to obtain the threshold values for which electric vehicles provide GWP reduction. These threshold values are then matched with the current electricity power plant fleet and the electric vehicle promotion incentives of the European countries considered in the study, showing that some countries (e.g. France or Norway) are better-suited for electric vehicles adoption, while countries like Spain or Portugal should boost electric vehicle promotion policies. Furthermore, other countries in Europe, such as Germany or the UK that are doing an effort on decarbonizing their power plant fleet, do not offer immediate greenhouse gas emission reductions for the uptake of electric vehicles instead of conventional cars.
dc.format.extent13 p.
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria mecànica::Disseny i construcció de vehicles::Automòbils
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Energies::Energia elèctrica
dc.subject.lcshElectric power production--Environmental aspects
dc.subject.lcshElectric vehicles--Environmental aspects
dc.subject.otherElectric vehicle
dc.subject.otherCarbon emissions
dc.subject.otherWell-to-wheel analysis
dc.subject.otherMonte Carlo simulation
dc.subject.otherEnergy efficiency
dc.titleSustainability analysis of the electric vehicle use in Europe for CO2 emissions reduction
dc.subject.lemacVehicles elèctrics -- Aspectes ambientals
dc.subject.lemacEnergia elèctrica -- Producció -- Aspectes ambientals
dc.subject.lemacAire -- Contaminació
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. GIIP - Grup de Recerca en Enginyeria de Projectes: Disseny, Sostenibilitat i Comunicació
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (author's final draft)
upcommons.citation.authorCanals, L., Martinez-Laserna, E., Amante, B., Nieto, N.
upcommons.citation.publicationNameJournal of cleaner production

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