Modeling policy mix to improve the competitiveness of indonesian palm oil industry
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Purpose: The purpose of this research is to develop a model that will explain the impact of government policies to the competitiveness of palm oil industry. The model involves two commodities in this industry, namely crude palm oil (CPO) and refined palm oil (RPO), each has different added value. Design/methodology/approach: The model built will define the behavior of government in controlling palm oil industry, and their interactions with macro-environment, in order to improve the competitiveness of the industry. Therefore the first step was to map the main activities in this industry using value chain analysis. After that a conceptual model was built, where the output of the model is competitiveness of the industry based on market share. The third step was model formulation. The model is then utilized to simulate the policy mix given by government in improving the competitiveness of Palm Oil Industry. Findings: The model can accommodate government’s policy mix which is then optimized. The model has been built structurally based on hierarchical multi-level system approach, while in the process element, the subprocesses are built using VCA approach. The model can simulate industry performance, and show that such government policy mix can improve the competitiveness of Indonesian palm Oil Industry. Research limitations/implications: The model was developed using only some policies which give direct impact to the competitiveness of the industry. For macro environment input, only price is considered in this model. Practical implications: The model can simulate the output of the industry for various government policies mix given to the industry. The techno-economic aspect is also discussed. Originality/value: This research develops a model that can represent the structure and relationship between industry, government and macro environment, using value chain analysis and hierarchical multilevel system approach.
CitationSilitonga, Roland Y. H. [et al.]. Modeling policy mix to improve the competitiveness of indonesian palm oil industry. "Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management", Abril 2016, vol. 9, núm. 1, p. 231-253.