A meta-heuristic method to design off-grid community electrification projects with renewable energies
Rights accessOpen Access
The design of off-grid electrification projects considering hybrid systems and distribution microgrids is a complex task that requires the use of decision support tools. Most of existing tools focus on the design of hybrid systems without defining generator locations and microgrids configuration. Recently a deterministic heuristic was developed to solve the problem. In this study we present an enhanced deterministic heuristic and then a meta-heuristic procedure for designing community off-grid electrification projects based on renewable energies considering micro-scale resource variations and a combination of independent generation points and microgrids. Both new algorithms improve performance of the previous existing procedure. The new deterministic heuristic can rapidly (in a computational time lower than 1 min) obtain a good solution. On the other hand, the proposed meta-heuristic method considerably enhances solutions obtained by the deterministic heuristic with a computational time of 1 h on a standard PC. The improvement tends to raise as the complexity of the analyzed instance increases. The proposed algorithm is a complete design tool that can efficiently support the design of stand-alone community electrification projects requiring of low computational resources
CitationRanaboldo, M., García-Villoria, A., Ferrer-Martí, L., Pastor, R. A meta-heuristic method to design off-grid community electrification projects with renewable energies. "Energy", 2015, vol. 93, núm. Part 2, p. 2467-2482.