Design and performance evaluation of a dielectric flat lens antenna for millimeter-wave applications
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In this letter, a practical fabrication of a novel inhomogeneous gradient-index dielectric flat lens for millimeter-wave applications is presented. A previous theoretical design of a dielectric flat lens composed of different permittivity materials is now modeled and analyzed for a practical prototype fabrication and performance evaluation at 60 and 77 GHz. The measurement results at 60 GHz show that with the novel gradient-index dielectric flat lens antenna prototype, we can achieve up to 18.3 dB of broadside gain, beam-steering capabilities in both planes from -30 degrees to +30 degrees with around 15 dB of gain, and up to +/- 45 degrees with around 14 dB of gain, with low sidelobe levels. At 77 GHz, the performance evaluation shows that we can obtain up to 18.9 dB of broadside gain, beam-steering capabilities in both planes from -30 degrees to +30 degrees with around 17 dB of gain and low sidelobe levels, and up to +/- 45 degrees with around 15 dB of gain. This novel design leads to a low-cost, low-profile, and lightweight antenna solution, easy to integrate in a compact millimeter-wave wireless communication system.
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CitationImbert, M., Papió, A., de Flaviis, F., Jofre, L., Romeu, J. Design and performance evaluation of a dielectric flat lens antenna for millimeter-wave applications. "IEEE antennas and wireless propagation letters", 01 Gener 2015, vol. 14, p. 342-345.