Synthesis of tungsten carbide on Al-SBA-15 mesoporous materials by carburization
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Aluminum was incorporated into SBA-15 supports at molar ratios Si/Al = 10 and 2 by the pH-adjusting method. The calcined mesoporous Al-SBA-15 supports, as well as the Al-free SBA-15 support, were impregnated with ammonium paratungstate ((NH4)(10)center dot[H2W12O42]center dot 4H(2)O) aqueous solution. Tungsten carbide (W2C) was synthesized by temperature programmed carburization (TPC) from the. WO3 supported on AI-SBA-15 and SBA-15 in a flow of CH4/H-2. These resultant materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N-2 adsorption/desorption, Al-27 NMR and Raman spectroscopies, and transmission electron microscopies (TEM and HRTEM). W2C species were obtained after the carburization process in all the materials. The mesoporous structure of the SBA-15 supports was preserved at all synthesis steps. XRD and TEM analyses revealed that the introduction of aluminum species into the SBA-15 greatly enhanced the dispersion of WO3 and W2C phases during the calcination and carburization steps, respectively. In situ XRD measured during the carburization in a synchrotron facility provided further details of the reduction of tungsten trioxide species as a function of temperature. The presence of aluminum in the SBA-15 notably affected the distribution and the reduction temperature of the tungsten oxide species. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
CitacióAlvarez, M., Chimentao, R., Tichit, D., Santos, J., Dafinov, A., Modesto, L., Rosell, J., Gueell, E., Gispert, F., Llorca, J., Medina, F. Synthesis of tungsten carbide on Al-SBA-15 mesoporous materials by carburization. "Microporous and mesoporous materials", 01 Gener 2016, vol. 219, p. 19-28.