An integrated view of theiInfluence of temperature, pressure, and humidity on the stability of trimorphic cysteamine hydrochloride
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Understanding the phase behavior of pharmaceuticals is important for dosage form development and regulatory requirements, in particular after the incident with ritonavir. In the present paper, a comprehensive study of the solid-state phase behavior of cysteamine hydrochloride used in the treatment of nephropathic cystinosis and recently granted orphan designation by the European Commission is presented employing (high-pressure) calorimetry, water vapor sorption, and X-ray diffraction as a function of temperature. A new crystal form (I2/a, form III) has been discovered, and its structure has been solved by X-ray powder diffraction, while two other crystalline forms are already known. The relative thermodynamic stabilities of the commercial form I and of the newly discovered form III have been established; they possess an overall enantiotropic phase relationship, with form I stable at room temperature and form III stable above 37 degrees C. Its melting temperature was found at 67.3 +/- 0.5 degrees C. Cysteamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic and immediately forms a concentrated saturated solution in water with a surprisingly high concentration of 47.5 mol % above a relative humidity of 35%. No hydrate has been observed. A temperature composition phase diagram is presented that has been obtained with the unary pressure temperature phase diagram, measurements, and calculations. For development, form I would be the best form to use in any solid dosage form, which should be thoroughly protected against humidity.
CitationGana, I., Del Barrio, M., Ghaddar, C., Nicolai, B., Do, B., Tamarit, J. Ll., Safta, F., Rietveld, I. An integrated view of theiInfluence of temperature, pressure, and humidity on the stability of trimorphic cysteamine hydrochloride. "Molecular pharmaceutics", 01 Juliol 2015, vol. 12, núm. 7, p. 2276-2288.