L’activitat del grup es centra fonamentalment en el camp de les resines epoxi amb propietats millorades. Les millores pretenen incidir en certs problemes que presenten aquests materials com per exemple la seva baixa degradabilitat que impossibilita la recuperació dels substrats en els recobriments, la contracció i les tensions generades durant el curat i l’elevada fragilitat dels materials un cop reticulats. Actualment el grup està treballant en la preparació i caracterització de nous termoestables obtinguts a partir de mescles de resines epoxídiques, amb i sense càrregues inorgàniques i polímers dendrítics, comercials o sintetitzats per nosaltres, amb diferents estructures, dissenyades per tal d’aconseguir les millores esmentades, especialment l’augment de la tenacitat. Darrerament el grup està iniciant treballs amb sistemes epoxídics amb memòria de forma i amb curats B-stage, especialment indicats per afavorir l’emmagatzament i manipulació de les formulacions.

The objective of the group is to study the thermal, physical and chemical properties of materials in relation to thermodynamics and thermal analysis techniques. During the last few years, the group has studied the calorimetric, thermomechanical and dielectric properties of the following materials: polymer concretes, thermosetting resins, both pure and in a composite matrix, polymer blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, thermosetting paints, and biodegradable polyolefins. The knowledge acquired by the group and the specialised use of different instrumental techniques allow it to work both on the characterisation of materials as well as on their transformation processes. These activities include the study of the following: structural relaxation, processes related to phase transformation and phase separation, processes related to durability and thermal stability, the kinetics of chemical reactions (polymerisation, dynamic and isothermal curing, thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation) and physical ageing. They also include the determination of the following properties: a) thermal properties (specific heats, thermal expansion coefficients, phase change enthalpies, heats of reaction and glass transition temperatures), b) mechanical properties (expansion coefficient, storage and loss modulus and loss factor), c) dielectric properties (dielectric permittivity and loss factor) and d) thermo-optical properties. The techniques used to perform these activities are the following: a) differential scanning calorimetry, both conventional and temperature-modulated, and tensional calorimetry, b) mechanical analysis (dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, thermomechanical analysis and creep), c) dielectric analysis, d) thermogravimetric analysis, e) optical thermal microscopy and e) infra-red spectroscopy with thermal control. At the present time, the group is working on the thermal and ultraviolet radiation curing of polymers and thermosetting resins. The study includes the optimisation of photocuring and its application in obtaining thermosets that have low contraction, as well as the synthesis and characterisation of nanocomposites of epoxy resins and laminar silicates. The group is part of the Thermal Energy Research Group, which is considered a consolidated research group by the Generalitat of Catalonia¿s General Directorate of Research (DGR). The academic objectives of the group are concerned with the teaching of thermodynamics and related subjects, such as thermal analysis, physical chemistry, the study of energy transformations and systems of energy storage, among others.

The objective of the group is to study the thermal, physical and chemical properties of materials in relation to thermodynamics and thermal analysis techniques. During the last few years, the group has studied the calorimetric, thermomechanical and dielectric properties of the following materials: polymer concretes, thermosetting resins, both pure and in a composite matrix, polymer blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, thermosetting paints, and biodegradable polyolefins. The knowledge acquired by the group and the specialised use of different instrumental techniques allow it to work both on the characterisation of materials as well as on their transformation processes. These activities include the study of the following: structural relaxation, processes related to phase transformation and phase separation, processes related to durability and thermal stability, the kinetics of chemical reactions (polymerisation, dynamic and isothermal curing, thermal and thermo-oxidative degradation) and physical ageing. They also include the determination of the following properties: a) thermal properties (specific heats, thermal expansion coefficients, phase change enthalpies, heats of reaction and glass transition temperatures), b) mechanical properties (expansion coefficient, storage and loss modulus and loss factor), c) dielectric properties (dielectric permittivity and loss factor) and d) thermo-optical properties. The techniques used to perform these activities are the following: a) differential scanning calorimetry, both conventional and temperature-modulated, and tensional calorimetry, b) mechanical analysis (dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, thermomechanical analysis and creep), c) dielectric analysis, d) thermogravimetric analysis, e) optical thermal microscopy and e) infra-red spectroscopy with thermal control. At the present time, the group is working on the thermal and ultraviolet radiation curing of polymers and thermosetting resins. The study includes the optimisation of photocuring and its application in obtaining thermosets that have low contraction, as well as the synthesis and characterisation of nanocomposites of epoxy resins and laminar silicates. The group is part of the Thermal Energy Research Group, which is considered a consolidated research group by the Generalitat of Catalonia¿s General Directorate of Research (DGR). The academic objectives of the group are concerned with the teaching of thermodynamics and related subjects, such as thermal analysis, physical chemistry, the study of energy transformations and systems of energy storage, among others.

Recent Submissions

  • Remarkable Thermal Conductivity of Epoxy Composites Filled with Boron Nitride and Cured under Pressure 

    Moradi, Sasan; Román Concha, Frida Rosario; Calventus Solé, Yolanda; Hutchinson, John M. (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021-03)
    Article
    Open Access
    This work demonstrates that the application of even moderate pressures during cure can result in a remarkable enhancement of the thermal conductivity of composites of epoxy and boron nitride (BN). Two systems have been ...
  • Densification: A route towards enhanced thermal conductivity of epoxy composites 

    Moradi, Sasan; Román Concha, Frida Rosario; Calventus Solé, Yolanda; Hutchinson, John M. (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021-01)
    Article
    Open Access
    When an amorphous polymer is cooled under pressure from above its glass transition temperature to room temperature, and then the pressure is released, this results in a densified state of the glass. This procedure applied ...
  • Enhancement of 3D-printable materials by dual-curing procedures 

    Fernández Francos, Xavier; Konuray, Ali Osman; Ramis Juan, Xavier; Serra Albet, Maria Àngels; Flor López, Sílvia de la (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2021-01-01)
    Article
    Open Access
    Dual-curing thermosetting systems are recently being developed as an alternative to conventional curing systems due to their processing flexibility and the possibility of enhancing the properties of cured parts in single- ...
  • Recyclable organocatalyzed poly(Thiourethane) covalent adaptable networks 

    Gamardella, Francesco; Muñoz, Sara; Flor López, Sílvia de la; Ramis Juan, Xavier; Serra Albet, Maria Àngels (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2020-12-04)
    Article
    Open Access
    A new type of tetraphenylborate salts derived from highly basic and nucleophilic amines, namely 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene (DBN), 1,8-diazabicyclo(5.4.0)undec-7-ene (DBU) and triazabicyclodecene (TBD), was applied ...
  • Curing kinetics of acrylate-based and 3D printable IPNs 

    Konuray, Ali Osman; Salla Tarragó, José María; Morancho Llena, José María; Fernández Francos, Xavier; García Álvarez, Montserrat; Ramis Juan, Xavier (2020-10-01)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    In this work, the kinetics of curing of a new family of interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) obtained by co-formulation of a photocurable acrylic resin with a thermocurable epoxy/anhydride mixture is studied. The first ...
  • Shape-memory actuators based on dual-curing thiol-acrylate-epoxy thermosets 

    Russo, Claudio; Fernández Francos, Xavier; Flor López, Sílvia de la (2020-01-01)
    Article
    Open Access
    In this work, new shape-memory thermosets have been developed using a thiol-acrylate-epoxy dual-curing system. A previously studied system has been successfully modified, introducing different amounts of tri(2,3-epoxypro ...
  • Epoxy composites filled with boron nitride: cure kinetics and the effect of particle shape on the thermal conductivity 

    Moradi, Sasan; Calventus Solé, Yolanda; Román Concha, Frida Rosario; Hutchinson, John M. (Springer, 2020-05-25)
    Article
    Open Access
    Thermally conducting and electrically insulating materials have been prepared by filling an epoxy–thiol system with boron nitride (BN) particles of different shapes (platelets and agglomerates) and sizes (from 2 to 180 ...
  • Dual curing of an epoxy resin with dicarboxylic acids 

    Morancho Llena, José María; Ramis Juan, Xavier; Fernández Francos, Xavier; Konuray, Ali Osman; Salla Tarragó, José María; Serra Albet, Maria Àngels (Springer, 2020-03-18)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    In this work, we have studied the preparation and characterization of a new family of thermosets based on off-stoichiometric diacid-epoxy formulations in the presence of 1-methylimidazole as initiator. Tri-glycidyl para-amino ...
  • Dual-curable stereolithography resins for superior thermomechanical properties 

    Konuray, Ali Osman; Di Donato, Fabio; Sangermano, Marco; Bonada Bo, Jordi; Fernández Francos, Xavier; Serra Albet, Maria Àngels; Ramis Juan, Xavier (2020-09-01)
    Article
    Open Access
    Stereolithography (SL) stands out as a relatively fast additive manufacturing method to produce thermoset components with high resolutions. The majority of SL resins consist of acrylate monomers which result in materials ...
  • Recyclable poly(thiourethane) vitrimers with high Tg. Influence of the isocyanate structure 

    Gamardella, Francesco; Flor López, Sílvia de la; Ramis Juan, Xavier; Serra Albet, Maria Àngels (2020-06-01)
    Article
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    Networked poly(thiourethane) materials with Tgs around 130 °C, derived from two aliphatic isocyanates (isophorone diisocyanate, IPDI and 4,4'-methylene bis(cyclohexyl isocyanate), HMDI) and one aromatic diisocyanate ...
  • The use of click-type reactions in the preparation of thermosets 

    Konuray, Ali Osman; Fernández Francos, Xavier; Flor López, Sílvia de la; Ramis Juan, Xavier; Serra Albet, Maria Àngels (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2020-05-09)
    Article
    Open Access
    Click chemistry has emerged as an effective polymerization method to obtain thermosets with enhanced properties for advanced applications. In this article, commonly used click reactions have been reviewed, highlighting ...
  • Click-based dual-curing thermosets and their applications 

    Ramis Juan, Xavier; Fernández Francos, Xavier; Flor López, Sílvia de la; Ferrando Piera, Francesc; Serra Albet, Maria Àngels (Elsevier, 2018)
    Part of book or chapter of book
    Restricted access - publisher's policy
    Dual curing is the methodology for obtaining thermosets by combining two different and compatible polymerization reactions, taking place sequentially or simultaneously. Sequential dual-curing processing enables the preparation ...

View more