Mechanical and microstructural characterization of new nickel-free low modulus beta-type titanium wires during thermomechanical treatments
Rights accessOpen Access
NiTi alloy is the only practical shape memory alloy (SMA) in biomedical use because of its excellent mechanical stability and functionality. However, it is estimated that between 4.5% and 28.5% of the population are hypersensitive to nickel metal, with a higher prevalence in females. Therefore, developing nickel-free low modulus beta-type titanium alloys showing shape memory or super elastic behavior would have a great interest in the biomaterials field. Homogeneous 127 mu m diameter Ti25Hf21Nb wires were produced and compared to straight annealed Ti-50.8 at% Ni (Nitinol) and 90% cold-drawn 316L wires. Microstructural changes taking place during the heat treatment of cold-worked Ti25Hf21Nb wires were investigated. Large plastic deformation during wire drawing and subsequent annealing led to nano-crystallization and amorphization which may contribute to the observed superelasticity. Mechanical properties were characterized using cyclic uniaxial tension and rotary beam fatigue test modes. A modulus of elasticity of less than 60 GPa and axial recoverable strain of greater than 3% were observed with stress hysteresis resembling a reversible stress-induced martensitic transformation at higher temperatures. The new Ti25Hf21Nb alloy is an important candidate for developing Ni-free SMAs in the future. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationGuillem-Marti, J., Herranz-Diez, C., Shaffer, J., Gil, F.J., Manero, J. Mechanical and microstructural characterization of new nickel-free low modulus beta-type titanium wires during thermomechanical treatments. "Materials science and engineering A. Structural materials properties microstructure and processing", 11 Juny 2015, vol. 636, p. 507-515.