Characterization of the effects of multi-tap filtering on FBMC/OQAM systems
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The filter bank multicarrier modulation based on offset quadrature amplitude modulation (FBMC/OQAM) is being considered as an eligible technology for future wireless communications. However, the orthogonality may be destroyed in the presence of multipath fading, and thus, the demodulated data may be affected by inter-symbol and inter-carrier interference. To restore the orthogonality, it is deemed necessary to either precode the symbols to be transmitted or equalize the demodulated data. Under severe propagation conditions, both the precoders and equalizers should perform multi-tap filtering. In this paper, we try to determine whether it is the best choice to combat the channel at the transmit, or at the receive side. The answer to this question is not trivial, since with data precoding, the transmit power may increase, while equalization at the receive side may enhance the noise power. To cast light on this issue, this paper characterizes the average transmit and noise power to determine the influence of multi-tap filtering on the transmit signal power and on the noise variance. The analysis conducted in this paper reveals that if multi-tap precoding yields a power increase, then the noise variance would increase with the same magnitude if the same linear filter was moved from the transmit to the receive side. Therefore, if symbols are properly scaled when the transmit power increases, there is no degradation due to placing the complexity burden at the reception rather than at the transmission. To scale the symbols, it is mandatory to know the additional transmit power. In this sense, a low-complexity method to estimate the power increase is proposed. Simulation-based results confirm that the estimation is reasonably accurate.
CitationCaus, M., Perez, A., Kliks, A. Characterization of the effects of multi-tap filtering on FBMC/OQAM systems. "Eurasip journal on advances in signal processing", 05 Juny 2014, núm. 84, p. 1-14.