Electrochemical insights on the hydrophobicity of cellulose substrates imparted by the enzymatically-oxidized gallates with increasing alkyl chain length
Rights accessOpen Access
In this work, we studied the influence of the alkyl chain length in enzymatically-oxidized gallates on the development of hydrophobicity on paper-based materials, and further correlated the obtained effect to the redox mechanism of the enzymatic treatment. Laccase (Lac) enzyme was used to oxidize various members of the gallate homologous series in the presence or not of lignosulfonates (SL) to produce several functionalization solutions (FS), which were subsequently applied to cellulosic substrates. The hydrophobicity of the substrates was then assessed by means of water drop test (WDT) and contact angle (WCA) measurements. Hydrophobicity peaked reaching WDT and WCA values around 5000 seconds and 130o respectively, and then decreased with increasing length of the hydrocarbon chain of gallate. Cyclic voltrammetry (CV) was used to study the effect of SL on the redox reactions of several gallates. The intensity of the anodic peak in their voltammograms decreased increasing the chain length of the gallate. The electrochemical behaviour of lauryl gallate (LG) differed from that of other gallates. The fact that the voltammetric curves for SL and LG intersected at a potential of 478 mV indicates an enhancing effect of SL on LG oxidation at high potentials (above 478 mV)
CitationCusola, O., Valls, C., Vidal, T., Tzanov, T., Roncero, M. Electrochemical insights on the hydrophobicity of cellulose substrates imparted by the enzymatically-oxidized gallates with increasing alkyl chain length. "ACS applied materials and interfaces", 09 Juny 2015, vol. 7, núm. 25, p. 13834-13841.