Phase transition in hydrogen-bonded 1-adamantane-methanol
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The polymorphism of 1-adarnantane-methanol C11H18O has been investigated by differential thermal analysis and single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. Below the melting temperature (389.5 +/- 0.4 K), this compound exhibits an orthorhombic phase (phase I, Pnnm, Z = 12, Z' = 1.5). The melting enthalpy was determined to be 20.5 +/- 0.4 kJ mol(-1), i.e., with an entropy change of (6.34 +/- 0.13)R, which is much higher than the quoted value from Timmermans for the melting orientationally disordered phases (2.5R), thus supporting the orientationally ordered character of phase I. This orthorhombic phase I exhibits a statistical disorder of the hydrogen atom related to the oxygen atom, due to the position of one independent molecule on the mirror. At ca. 272 K, phase I transforms continuously through an order disorder transition to a low-temperature monoclinic phase II (P2(1)/n, Z = 12, Z' = 3). The monoclinic and orthorhombic phases are related by a group subgroup relationship, which perfectly agrees with the continuous character of the II to I transition. Moreover, by a convenient choice of an order parameter related to the continuous tilt of the c-axis, the critical exponent for this transition is found to be close to the theoretical prediction of the three-dimensional Ising model (with a critical exponent of ca. 0.27).
CitationBen Hassine, B., Negrier, P., Del Barrio, M., Mondieig, D., Massip, S., Tamarit, J. Ll. Phase transition in hydrogen-bonded 1-adamantane-methanol. "Crystal growth and design", 01 Agost 2015, núm. 8, p. 4149-4155.