Enhanced reliability of yttria-stabilized zirconia for dental applications
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An increasing number of dental applications based on yttria-stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) have been developed in recent years as a result of the advances and versatility of dry-processing and soft machining at the pre-sintered state. Nonetheless, the long-term surface stability of these materials in humid environment is still a matter of concern and may limit its application. In this work, a simple method to prevent hydrothermal degradation on zirconia surface is studied in detail. This method involves the infiltration of pre-sintered parts with optimized solutions containing Ce salts, leaving unchanged the other processing steps, allowing the diffusion of Ce during conventional sintering. Several pre-sintering conditions, solution concentrations and sintering temperatures were studied and characterized, obtaining working parameters for the production of zirconia parts with mechanical properties similar to standard 3Y-TZP and high resistance to hydrothermal aging. This optimal combination was obtained with the 1150 ºC pre-sintering temperature, 50 wt% solution and sintering at 1450 ºC, leading to a superficial CeO2 content of about 3 mol%.
CitationCamposilvan, E., Marro, F.G., Mestra, A., Anglada, M. Enhanced reliability of yttria-stabilized zirconia for dental applications. "Acta biomaterialia", 15 Abril 2015, p. 36-46.