Some families of orthogonal polynomials of a discrete variable and their applications to graphs and codes
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We present some related families of orthogonal polynomials of a discrete variable and survey some of their applications in the study of (distance-regular) graphs and (completely regular) codes. One of the main peculiarities of such orthogonal systems is their non-standard normalization condition, requiring that the square norm of each polynomial must equal its value at a given point of the mesh. For instance, when they are de¯ned from the spectrum of a graph, one of these families is the system of the pre- distance polinomials which, in the case of distance-regular graphs, turns out to be the sequence of distance polinomials. The applications range from (quasi-spectral) char- acterizations of distance-regular graphs, walk-regular graphs, local distance-regularity and completely regular codes, to some results on representation theory.