The local spectra of line graphs
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The local spectrum of a graph G = (V, E), constituted by the standard eigenvalues of G and their local multiplicities, plays a similar role as the global spectrum when the graph is “seen” from a given vertex. Thus, for each vertex i ∈ V , the i-local multiplicities of all the eigenvalues add up to 1; whereas the multiplicity of each eigenvalue λl ∈ ev G is the sum, extended to all vertices, of its local multiplicities. In this work, using the interpretation of an eigenvector as a charge distribution on the vertices, we compute the local spectrum of the line graph LG in terms of the local spectrum of the (regular o semiregular) graph G it derives from. Furthermore, some applications of this result are derived as, for instance, some results related to the number of cycles.