Eye movements in patients with post-COVID condition
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ProjectFOTONICA BIOMEDICA Y MACHINE LEARNING PARA EL DIAGNOSTICO Y TRATAMIENTO DE DISFUNCIONES OCULARES, DETERIORO COGNITIVO Y ENFERMEDADES HEMATOLOGICAS (AEI-PID2020-112527RB-I00)
Eye movement control is impaired in some neurological conditions, but the impact of COVID-19 on eye movements remains unknown. This study aims to investigate differences in oculomotor function and pupil response in individuals who suffer post-COVID-19 condition (PCC) with cognitive deficits. Saccades, smooth pursuit, fixation, vergence and pupillary response were recorded using an eye tracker. Eye movements and pupil response parameters were computed. Data from 16 controls, 38 COVID mild (home recovery) and 19 COVID severe (hospital admission) participants were analyzed. Saccadic latencies were shorter in controls (183¿±¿54 ms) than in COVID mild (236¿±¿83 ms) and COVID severe (227¿±¿42 ms) participants (p¿=¿0.017). Fixation stability was poorer in COVID mild participants (Bivariate Contour Ellipse Area of 0.80¿±¿1.61°2 vs 0.36¿±¿0.65 °2 for controls, p¿=¿0.019), while percentage of pupil area reduction/enlargement was reduced in COVID severe participants (39.7¿±¿12.7%/31.6¿±¿12.7% compared to 51.7¿±¿22.0%/49.1¿±¿20.7% in controls, p¿<¿0.015). The characteristics of oculomotor alterations found in PCC may be useful to understand different pathophysiologic mechanisms.
CitationV, V.-N. [et al.]. Eye movements in patients with post-COVID condition. "Biomedical optics express", 7 Juliol 2023, vol. 14, núm. 8, article 489037, p. 3936-3949.