Current state of cold atmospheric plasma and cancer-immunity cycle: therapeutic relevance and overcoming clinical limitations using hydrogels
PublisherJohn Wiley & sons
Rights accessOpen Access
Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is a partially ionized gas that gains attention as a well-tolerated cancer treatment that can enhance anti-tumor immune responses, which are important for durable therapeutic effects. This review offers a comprehensive and critical summary on the current understanding of mechanisms in which CAP can assist anti-tumor immunity: induction of immunogenic cell death, oxidative post-translational modifications of the tumor and its microenvironment, epigenetic regulation of aberrant gene expression, and enhancement of immune cell functions. This should provide a rationale for the effective and meaningful clinical implementation of CAP. As discussed here, despite its potential, CAP faces different clinical limitations associated with the current CAP treatment modalities: direct exposure of cancerous cells to plasma, and indirect treatment through injection of plasma-treated liquids in the tumor. To this end, a novel modality is proposed: plasma-treated hydrogels (PTHs) that can not only help overcome some of the clinical limitations but also offer a convenient platform for combining CAP with existing drugs to improve therapeutic responses and contribute to the clinical translation of CAP. Finally, by integrating expertise in biomaterials and plasma medicine, practical considerations and prospective for the development of PTHs are offered.
CitationZivanic, M. [et al.]. Current state of cold atmospheric plasma and cancer-immunity cycle: therapeutic relevance and overcoming clinical limitations using hydrogels. "Advanced science (Weinheim)", 20 Gener 2023, vol. 10, núm. 8, article 2205803, p. 1-22.