Dynamic higher-order Bessel-Gauss beam interference generation of rotating beams
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Document typeConference report
PublisherInternational Society for Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Rights accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license : Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International
One of the key trends in laser material processing is the usage of structured laser beams. One such example is the Bessel beam with an elongated focal area and self-healing properties. Higher-order Bessel beams can be formed by axicons, spiral phase plates, or equivalently by the phase masks (holograms). In this work, a demonstration of “optical drill” beams with dynamic intensity distributions resembling the spinning mechanical drill is shown. Bessel beam mixing of two different helicities is achieved by using a Spatial Light Modulator (SLM). Both Bessel beams are formed on the same optical component – the phase mask consisting of two parts. Each part consists of spirals with different winding numbers and different periods that correspond to different step plates and axicons. Such a mask forms the stationary optical drill beam. As the beam propagates the outer and inner parts start to overlap and form the resultant interfering beam. Now, to make it a true drill, it must rotate in time. In our experiment, that is achieved by rotating one part of the combined hologram. This induces an angular offset to the interference and as a result, the orientation of the helical intensity pattern starts to rotate in time. This continuous motion gives the impression of an optical drill. With the beams dynamic properties, it could become a new tool in laser material micromachining, as a mechanical drill was to construction.
CitationKontenis, G. [et al.]. Dynamic higher-order Bessel-Gauss beam interference generation of rotating beams. A: SPIE Photonics Europe. "Semiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics X: 3-7 April 2022, Strasbourg, France: 9-20 May 2022, online". Washington: International Society for Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE), 2022, ISBN 978-1-5106-5159-3. DOI 10.1117/12.2621652.
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