Water availability affects the capability of reflectance indices to estimate berry yield and quality attributes in rain-fed vineyards
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Rights accessOpen Access
ProjectTeledeteccion De La Estructura Y Estado Fisiologico En Variedades Blancas De Vitis Vinifera Cultivadas En Condiciones Semiaridas: Prospeccion De Indicadores Del Rendimiento Y Calidad De La Uva (MICINN-AGL2009-13105-C03-03)
Remote sensing methods are known to provide estimates of berry quality. However, previous studies have shown that the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) failed to predict berry quality attributes in rain-fed vineyards. This study explores the association of several reflectance indices with vine biophysical characteristics and berry yield and quality attributes and their temporal stability. The study was conducted in rain-fed Chardonnay vineyards located around Masquefa (Penedès region, Catalonia, Spain) over four years. Canopy reflectance, fractional Intercepted Photosynthetic Active Radiation, predawn water potential and canopy temperature at midday were measured at veraison whereas berry yield and quality attributes were determined at harvest. Water availability and vine biophysical attributes showed large temporal stability whereas berry quality attributes were not temporally stable. The capability of reflectance indices to estimate berry quality attributes was subject to the timing and extent of water deficits. The NDVI, the Photochemical Reflectance Index (PRI) and the Water Index (WI) provided estimates of berry quality attributes under mild, moderate and severe water deficits, respectively. These results might have potential applications in precision viticulture activities such as selective harvesting according to grape quality attributes and the assessment of ripening.
CitationSerrano, L.; Gorchs, G. Water availability affects the capability of reflectance indices to estimate berry yield and quality attributes in rain-fed vineyards. "Agronomy", 1 Setembre 2022, vol. 12, núm. 9, p. 1-16.