Duplex stainless steels for thermal energy storage: characterization of oxide scales formed in carbonate salts at 500 °C
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Rights accessOpen Access
Next generation concentrated solar power (CSP) plants promise a higher operating temperature and better efficiency. However, new issues related to the corrosion against protection of the construction alloys need to be solved. In this work, two different duplex stainless steels grades, namely 2205 (DS2205) and 2507 (DS2507), were evaluated for their compatibility with the eutectic molten salt mixture of Li2CO3-K2CO3-Na2CO3 at 500 °C in air for thermal energy storage applications. Corrosion tests combined with complementary microscopy, microanalysis and mechanical techniques were employed to study the oxide scales formed on the surface of the duplex steels. The corrosion tests evidenced that the attack morphology in both duplex steels was a uniform oxidative process without localized corrosion. DS2507 presented a better corrosion resistance than DS2205, due to the formation of thinner, compact and continuous oxide layers with higher compositional content in Cr, Ni and Mo than DS2205. The oxide scales of DS2507 showed more remarkable mechanical integrity and adhesion to the metallic substrate.
CitationMorales Comas, M. [et al.]. Duplex stainless steels for thermal energy storage: characterization of oxide scales formed in carbonate salts at 500 °C. "Metals", 15 Desembre 2022, 12, article 2156