Back stress and strength contributions evolution of a heterogeneous austenitic stainless steel obtained after one pass by equal channel angular sheet extrusion (ECASE)
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This research work studies the different strength contributions of a sheet-shaped heterogeneous austenitic stainless steel, after having been processed at room temperature by one ECASE pass. A significant hardness increase was found throughout its thickness, showing higher values near the edges while the middle area presents the smallest gains. The material heterogeneity gives rise to a plastic gradient deformation between the soft and hard areas of the microstructure. As a consequence, a more significant amount of geometrically necessary dislocations concentrates on the interfaces of these areas, which helps the material to maintain a reliable strength-ductility ratio. After the dislocations contribution to the material strength, the second contribution comes from the back stress mechanism, followed by grain size contributions. All types of contributions were higher in the edge neighborhoods than in the middle zone. Unlike the contributions from dislocations and grain size that decrease as they approach the interfaces between the hard and soft areas, the back stress contribution does the opposite, showing high increments in these zones.
CitationMuñoz, J.; Komissarov, A. Back stress and strength contributions evolution of a heterogeneous austenitic stainless steel obtained after one pass by equal channel angular sheet extrusion (ECASE). "International journal of advanced manufacturing technology", Juliol 2020, vol. 109, núm. 3-4, p. 607-617.