Boron recovery from desalination seawater brines by selective ion exchange resins
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The European Union (EU) depends on third markets to supply many important raw materials. Increasing the circularity of critical raw materials within the EU is important not only from an environmental perspective, but also as a competitive advantage for the EU economy. In the case of boron, the EU's import dependency is about 100%. This work aims to evaluate the boron recovery from seawater desalination plants (SWDP) brines using ion-exchange resins in a circular economy approach. Commercial boron selective resins Purolite S108, DIAION CRB03 and CRB05 were tested and compared on batch and dynamic experiments. Thermodynamic and kinetic experiments were performed, and results were fitted by linear and non-linear models. After a comparison, results showed a good fit to the Langmuir isotherm and the pseudo-second order model, respectively, for all the commercial resins tested. The DIAION CRB03 resin presented higher sorption capacity and percentage of boron sorbed than the other resins and was selected as the best option for boron recovery from SWDP brine. Dynamic experiments in fixed bed column using DIAION CRB03 resulted in a sorption capacity of 13 mg/g of resin, a boron recovery of 98% and a concentration factor of 30, for an initial boron concentration of 50 mg/L. In addition, an economic analysis was carried out as a preliminary estimate of the revenues obtained from the production of boric acid from the brine produced by El Prat desalination plant.
CitationFigueira, M. [et al.]. Boron recovery from desalination seawater brines by selective ion exchange resins. "Journal of environmental management", 15 Juliol 2022, vol. 314, núm. article 114984.
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