Cold atmospheric plasma enhances doxorubicin selectivity in metastasic bone cancer
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High-dose systemic chemotherapy constitutes a main strategy in the management of bone metastases, employing drugs like doxorubicin (DOX), related with severe side effects. To solve this issue, Cold Atmospheric Plasmas (CAP) have been proposed as potential non-invasive anti-cancer agents capable of improving the efficacy of traditional drugs. Here, we investigate the cytotoxic effects of Plasma Conditioned Medium (PCM) in combination with DOX in prostate cancer cells from bone metastases (PC-3) as well as in non-malignant bone-cells. PCM was able to enhance the cytotoxic potential of DOX both in monolayer and in a 3D bioengineered model mimicking the bone matrix. The combined treatment of PCM + DOX resulted in a profound downregulation of the redox defenses (CAT1, SOD2, GPX1) and drug resistance genes (MRP1, MDR1, BCRP1), resulting in an enhanced uptake of DOX coupled to an overload of intracellular ROS. Besides, PCM improved the cytotoxic potential of DOX interfering on the migratory and clonogenic potential of PC-3 cells. Importantly, non-malignant bone cells were unaffected by the combination of PCM + DOX. Overall, these new findings may represent a new therapeutic approach for the management of bone metastatic prostate cancer in the future.
CitationMateu-Sanz, M. [et al.]. Cold atmospheric plasma enhances doxorubicin selectivity in metastasic bone cancer. "Free radical biology and medicine", Agost 2022, vol. 189, p. 32-41.