Embroidered textile frequency-splitting sensor based on stepped-impedance resonators
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ProjectDISEÑO Y SINTESIS DE COMPONENTES DE RF%2FMICROONDAS BASADOS EN CONCEPTOS AVANZADOS Y SU APLICACION A CIRCUITOS DE COMUNICACIONES, SENSORES Y RFID (III) (AEI-PID2019-103904RB-I00)
This paper presents an embroidered textile frequency-splitting microwave sensor based on a pair of identical stepped-impedance resonators (SIRs) loading a microstrip transmission line. The sensor is implemented by means of conductive threads. The sensing region of the proposed structure is the capacitive square patch of one of the SIRs. If such region is kept unaltered, the structure is symmetric, and the frequency response (transmission coefficient) exhibits a single transmission zero. However, if symmetry is broken (e.g., through liquid absorption in the sensing region), the frequency response of the proposed sensor exhibits two transmission zeros (frequency splitting). The difference (in frequency and magnitude) between such zeros (or notches) is intimately related to the dielectric properties of the absorbed liquids to be sensed / detected. The proposed sensing structure is applied to the detection of deionized (DI) water absorption, and to the quantification of the number of DI water drops. The maximum measured sensitivity is found to be 2.70 MHz /µl and 0.03 dB /µl for the incremental frequency and incremental magnitude of the notches.
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CitationVélez, P. [et al.]. Embroidered textile frequency-splitting sensor based on stepped-impedance resonators. "IEEE sensors journal", 2022, vol. 22, núm. 9, p. 8596-8603.