Topics in cosmology — clearly explained by means of simple examples
Rights accessOpen Access
ProjectECUACIONES EN DERIVADAS PARCIALES: PROBLEMAS DE REACCION-DIFUSION, INTEGRO-DIFERENCIALES Y GEOMETRICOS (AEI-MTM2017-84214-C2-1-P)
This is a very comprehensible review of some key issues in modern cosmology. Simple mathematical examples and analogies are used, whenever available. The starting point is the well-known Big Bang cosmology (BBC). We deal with the mathematical singularities appearing in this theory and discuss some ways to remove them. Next, and before introducing the inflationary paradigm by means of clear examples, we review the horizon and flatness problems of the old BBC model. We then consider the current cosmic acceleration and, as a procedure to deal with both periods of cosmic acceleration in a unified way, we study quintessential inflation. Finally, the reheating stage of the universe via gravitational particle production, which took place after inflation ended, is discussed in clear mathematical terms, by involving the so-called a-attractors in the context of quintessential inflation
CitationHaro, J.; Elizalde, E. Topics in cosmology — clearly explained by means of simple examples. "Universe", Març 2022, vol. 8, núm. 3, article 166.