The effect of prosthetic alignment on the stump temperature and ground reaction forces during gait in transfemoral amputees
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Background Lower limb prosthetic alignment is a procedure mostly subjective. A prosthetic misaligned induces gait deviations and long-term joint diseases. The alignment effects for each lower limb and the stump stays uncertain. Research objective To identify the effect of the transfemoral alignment prosthesis on ground reaction forces and thermal images of the residual limb. Methods The effect of misalignment and nominal alignment was evaluated in sixteen transfemoral amputees. The nominal alignment was considered as the optimal alignment for each subject. Misalignment included random variations in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral translation of the prosthetic foot and the angle of flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, and internal-external rotation of the socket and prosthetic foot. The control group consisted of fifteen non-amputee individuals. The ground reaction force parameters and stump temperature were analyzed for each alignment condition. The statistical analysis included the one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, and multiple comparison tests. Results The prosthesis did not produce statistically significant changes in the average temperature of residual limbs. However, the temperature distribution on the stump skin was different (P<0.05). The transfemoral prosthesis misalignment produced an irregular heat diffusion on the anterior, posterior, and lateral sides of the stump contour compared to the nominal alignment (P<0.05). The sound limb did not show differences between nominal alignments and misalignments for most ground reaction force parameters. For almost all GRF parameters, significant differences were observed for the prosthetic limb between misalignment and nominal alignment (P<0.001). The symmetry indices of ground reaction force parameters of transfemoral amputees did not show any kind of significant improvements after aligning the prosthesis nominally.
CitationCárdenas, A.M. [et al.]. The effect of prosthetic alignment on the stump temperature and ground reaction forces during gait in transfemoral amputees. "Gait and posture", Abril 2022, vol. 95, p. 76-83.
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