Cognitive stimulation has potential for brain activation in individuals with Rett syndrome
PublisherJohn Wiley & sons
Rights accessOpen Access
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ProjectTECNOLOGIAS INNOVADORAS PARA MONITORIZAR Y PERSONALIZAR LA REHABILITACION INTERDISCIPLINAR DE PACIENTES DE CUIDADO INTENSIVO (AEI-PID2020-117751RB-I00)
Background: Knowledge regarding neuropsychological training in Rett syndrome (RS) is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome and the duration of the effect of cognitive stimulation on topographic EEG data in RS. Method: Twenty female children diagnosed with RS were included in the analysis. Girls with RS conducted a cognitive task using an eye-tracker designed to evaluate access and choice skills. EEG data was acquired during the experimental procedure including two 10-minutes baseline stages before and after the task. Topographical changes of several EEG spectral markers including absolute and relative powers, brain symmetry index and entropy were assessed. Results: Topographic significance probability maps suggested statistical decreases on delta activity and increases on beta rhythm associated with the cognitive task. Entropy increased during and after the task, likely related to more complex brain activity. A significant positive interaction was obtained between brain symmetry index (BSI) and age showing that the improvement of interhemispheric symmetry was higher in younger girls (5-10 years). Conclusions: According to our findings, significant alterations of brain rhythms were observed during and after cognitive stimulation, suggesting that cognitive stimulation may have effects on brain activity beyond the stimulation period. Finally, our promising results also showed an increased brain symmetry that was especially relevant for the younger group. This could suggest an interaction of the eye-tracking cognitive task, however, further studies in this field are needed to assess the relation between brain asymmetries and age.
CitationMigliorelli, C. [et al.]. Cognitive stimulation has potential for brain activation in individuals with Rett syndrome. "Journal of intellectual disability research", 18 Novembre 2021, vol. 66, núm. 3, p. 213-224.