Customized PMSM design and optimization methodology for water pumping applications
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The need to reduce water pumps size to achieve compact designs adapted to multiple working points opens new fields of study. PMSMs are the preferred choice due to outstanding torque-speed range capabilities. This paper presents a methodology to design and optimize PMSMs by defining the desired torque-speed-efficiency map, adapting its performance to the hydraulic characteristics of the water pump. Once the hydraulic efficiency is known, an initial PMSM reference torque-speed-efficiency map is defined according to the objective motor performance, including the distribution of power losses and the power rating of the selected application. The designer has full freedom to define the efficiency levels and distribution along the torque-speed map. The design optimization algorithm achieves the PMSM characteristics which adjust as much as possible to the defined performance. This methodology uses ultra-fast finite element analysis by applying magneto-static computations and a time-space conversion to compute the iron losses, reducing the computational requirements. The torque-speed-efficiency map is calculated by applying a direct-quadrature electrical model. The objective function uses a novel image comparison technique that allows comparing the similarity between the objective and optimized maps. The methodology is validated experimentally by designing and testing a PMSM adapted to a real WP application.
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CitationCandelo, C. [et al.]. Customized PMSM design and optimization methodology for water pumping applications. "IEEE transactions on energy conversion", 11 Juny 2021, p. 1-11.