Effect of intermittent induced aeration on nitrogen removal and denitrifying-bacterial community structure in Cork and gravel vertical flow pilot-scale treatment wetlands
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European Commission's project000460 (EC-LIFE-LIFE14 ENV)
In this work, we have evaluated the impact of aeration in total nitrogen (TN), ammonia (NH4-N) and nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) removal in four pilot-scale vertical flow constructed wetlands (VFCW) using cork by-product or gravel as the filter material and planted with Phragmites australis. Both aerated and non-aerated systems achieved high COD and BOD5 elimination rates (= 90%) at the end of the 5-month. However, the aerated systems presented maximal BOD5 removal from the third month of operation onwards since air supply favoured the oxidative bioprocesses occurring within the wetlands. Cork and gravel aerated VFCW also proved to be more efficient (p < 0.05) in NO3-N removal than the non-aerated systems and this upgraded performance was correlated with a significant higher relative abundance of the nirS gene. The aerated systems also showed a slightly improved in NH4-N removal. Noticeably, cork VFCW showed higher TN removal mean values (~35%) than gravel wetlands (27-28%) regardless aeration. Moreover, cork VFCW showed higher relative abundance of the nosZ gene. Our results demonstrated a better nitrogen elimination for the aerated cork pilot-scale VFCW, and this behaviour was correlated with a higher abundance of both nirS and nosZ, two of the key functional genes involved in nitrogen metabolism.
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A on 2021, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10934529.2021.1967652.
CitationAguilar, L. [et al.]. Effect of intermittent induced aeration on nitrogen removal and denitrifying-bacterial community structure in Cork and gravel vertical flow pilot-scale treatment wetlands. "Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, environmental science and engineering", Octubre 2021, vol. 56, núm. 10, p. 1121-1130.
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