Pd/CeO2 catalysts prepared by solvent-free mechanochemical route for methane abatement in natural gas fueled vehicles
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
Rights accessOpen Access
The increasing diffusion of alternative mobility solutions, ranging from electric technologies to natural gas fueled vehicles (NGVs), has led to a progressive life-cycle analysis approach of their environmental impact in terms of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions. This new approach prompted a careful design of the NGVs catalytic aftertreatment system in order to minimize the catalytic converter carbon footprint as well as the unburned methane emissions at tailpipe. Here, a series of Pd/CeO2 methane oxidation catalysts were prepared by an environmentally friendly solvent-free method and compared to the commercial wet-synthesized state-of-the-art catalysts. Their application in NGVs aftertreatment systems was evaluated by testing powder catalysts and coated monolith cores for CH4 oxidation and steam reforming, which are the main methane abatement reactions occurring in a three-way catalyst (TWC) under lean and rich conditions, respectively. Pd/CeO2 catalysts prepared by mechanochemical synthesis initially displayed superior activity compared to their counterpart obtained by conventional wet impregnation, especially under lean oxidation conditions, but appeared less resistant to the industrial aging process after core washcoating. Lambda sweep experiments carried out under full gas composition proved that, despite needing further optimization in the washcoating and aging processes, the developed mild milling synthesis procedure is a viable way for the production of Pd/CeO2 based catalysts for natural gas TWCs.
CitationDanielis, M. [et al.]. Pd/CeO2 catalysts prepared by solvent-free mechanochemical route for methane abatement in natural gas fueled vehicles. "Industrial & engineering chemistry research", 15 Març 2021, vol. 60, núm. 18, p. 6435-6445.