Automatic distributed deep learning using resource-constrained edge devices
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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Processing data generated at high volume and speed from the Internet of Things, smart cities, domotic, intelligent surveillance, and e-healthcare systems require efficient data processing and analytics services at the Edge to reduce the latency and response time of the applications. The Fog Computing Edge infrastructure consists of devices with limited computing, memory, and bandwidth resources, which challenge the construction of predictive analytics solutions that require resource-intensive tasks for training machine learning models. In this work, we focus on the development of predictive analytics for urban traffic. Our solution is based on deep learning techniques localized in the Edge, where computing devices have very limited computational resources. We present an innovative method for efficiently training of Gated Recurrent-Units (GRUs) across available resource-constrained CPU and GPU Edge devices. Our solution employs distributed GRU model learning and dynamically stops the training process to utilize the low-power and resource-constrained Edge devices while ensuring good estimation accuracy effectively. The proposed solution was extensively evaluated using low-powered ARM-based devices, including Raspberry Pi v3 and the low-powered GPU-enabled device NVIDIA Jetson Nano, and also compared them with Single-CPU Intel Xeon machines. For the evaluation experiments, we used real-world Floating Car Data. The experiments show that the proposed solution delivers excellent prediction accuracy and computational performance on the Edge when compared with the baseline methods.
CitationGutiérrez-Torre, A. [et al.]. Automatic distributed deep learning using resource-constrained edge devices. "IEEE internet of things journal", 2022, vol. 9, núm. 16, p. 15018-15029.