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dc.contributor.authorMezzina, Bianca
dc.contributor.authorPalmeiro, Froila M.
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Serrano, Javier
dc.contributor.authorBladé, Ileana
dc.contributor.authorBatté, Lauriane
dc.contributor.authorBenassi, Marianna
dc.contributor.otherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-28T10:33:26Z
dc.date.available2021-07-28T10:33:26Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationMezzina, B. [et al.]. Multi-model assessment of the late-winter stratospheric response to El Niño and La Niña. "Climate Dynamics", 2021,
dc.identifier.issn1432-0894
dc.identifier.issn0930-7575
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/350215
dc.description.abstractThe impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on the late-winter extra-tropical stratosphere (January–March) is assessed in a multi-model framework. Three state-of-the-art atmospheric models are run with prescribed SST anomalies representative of a strong ENSO event, with symmetric patterns for El Niño and La Niña. The well-known temperature perturbation in the lower stratosphere during El Niño is captured by two models, in which the anomalous warming at polar latitudes is accompanied by a positive geopotential height anomaly that extends over the polar cap. In the third model, which shows a lack of temperature anomalies over the pole, the anomalous anticyclone is confined over Canada and does not expand to the polar cap. This anomalous center of action emerges from the large-scale tropospheric Rossby wave train forced by ENSO, and shrinking/stretching around the polar vortex is invoked to link it to the temperature response. No disagreement across models is found in the lower stratosphere for La Niña, whose teleconnection is opposite in sign but weaker. In the middle-upper stratosphere (above 50 hPa) the geopotential height anomalies project on a wavenumber-1 (WN1) pattern for both El Niño and, more weakly, La Niña, and show a westward tilt with height up to the stratopause. It is suggested that this WN1 pattern arises from the high-latitude lower-stratospheric anomalies, and that the ENSO teleconnection to the polar stratosphere can be interpreted in terms of upward propagation of the stationary Rossby wave train and quasi-geostrophic balance, instead of wave breaking.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the MEDSCOPE project. MEDSCOPE is part of ERA4CS, an ERA-NET initiated by JPI Climate, and funded by AEMET (ES), ANR (FR), BSC (ES), CMCC (IT), CNR (IT), IMR (BE) and Météo-France (FR), with co-funding by the European Union (Grant 690462). B.M. and J.G.-S. were supported by the “Contratos Predoctorales para la Formación de Doctores” (BES-2016-076431) and “Ramón y Cajal” (RYC-2016-21181) programmes, respectively. F.M.P. was partially supported by the Spanish DANAE (CGL2015-68342-R) and GRAVITOCAST (ERC2018-092835) projects. Technical support at BSC (Computational Earth Sciences group) is sincerely acknowledged. We also thank the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful feedback.
dc.format.extent21 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Spain
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria agroalimentària::Ciències de la terra i de la vida::Climatologia i meteorologia
dc.subject.lcshEl Niño Current
dc.subject.lcshAtmospheric models
dc.subject.lcshLa Niña Current
dc.subject.lcshTeleconnections (Climatology)
dc.subject.otherENSO
dc.subject.otherAtmospheric teleconnections
dc.subject.otherClimate modeling
dc.subject.otherStratosphere
dc.titleMulti-model assessment of the late-winter stratospheric response to El Niño and La Niña
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacEstratosfera
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00382-021-05836-3
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-021-05836-3
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/690462/EU/European Research Area for Climate Services/ERA4CS
local.citation.publicationNameClimate Dynamics


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Attribution 3.0 Spain
Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license : Attribution 3.0 Spain