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dc.contributor.authorSanuy Vázquez, Marc
dc.contributor.authorRigo, Tomeu
dc.contributor.authorJiménez Quintana, José Antonio
dc.contributor.authorLlasat Botija, Maria Carmen
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental
dc.identifier.citationSanuy, M. [et al.]. Classifying compound coastal storm and heavy rainfall events in the north-western Spanish Mediterranean. "Hydrology and Earth system sciences", Juny 2021, vol. 25, núm. 6, p. 3759-3781.
dc.description.abstractThe north-west (NW) Mediterranean coastal zone is a populous and well-developed area in which the impact of natural hazards like flash floods and coastal storms can result in frequent and significant damages. Although the occurrence and impacts of such hazards have been widely covered, few studies have considered their combined impact on the region, which would result in more damage. Within this context, this study analyses the occurrence and characteristics of compound extreme events of heavy rainfall episodes (as a proxy for flash floods) and coastal storms (using the maximum significant wave height) along the Catalan coast as a paradigm of the NW Mediterranean. Two different types of events are considered: multivariate, in which the two hazards occur at the same location, and spatially compounding, in which they occur within the same limited time window, and their impacts accumulate at distinct and separate locations. The analysis is regionally performed along a coastline extension of about 600¿km by considering seven coastal sectors and their corresponding river catchment basins. Once the compound events are analysed, the synoptic atmospheric pressure fields are analysed to determine the prevailing weather conditions that generated them. Finally, a Bayesian network is used to fully characterize these events over the territory. The obtained results show that the NW Mediterranean, represented by the Catalan coast, has a high probability of experiencing compound extreme events. Despite the relatively small size of the study area, there are significant variations in the event characteristics along the territory, with the most frequent type being spatially compound, except in the northernmost sectors where multivariate events dominate. These northern sectors also present the highest correlation in the intensity of both hazards. Three representative synoptic situations have been identified as dominant for the occurrence of these events, with different relative importance levels of the compounding drivers (rainfall and waves) and different distributions of impacts across coastal basins. Overall, results obtained from specific events indicated that heavy rainfall is related to the most significant impacts despite having a larger spatial reach.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work has been done in the framework of the M-CostAdapt (CTM2017-83655-C2-1&2-R) research project, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO/AEI/FEDER, UE). The authors express their gratitude to IH-Cantabria and Puertos del Estado for supplying wave data, and AEMET and SMC for supplying rain data. Our thanks are given to Montserrat Llasat-Botija for her contribution in the identification of the compound events as well as for all the information about the impacts.
dc.format.extent23 p.
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Spain
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria civil::Enginyeria hidràulica, marítima i sanitària::Ports i costes
dc.subject.lcshStorms--Mediterranean Region
dc.subject.otherCompound events
dc.subject.otherCoastal damage
dc.subject.otherFlash floods
dc.titleClassifying compound coastal storm and heavy rainfall events in the north-western Spanish Mediterranean
dc.subject.lemacCostes -- Catalunya
dc.subject.lemacTempestes -- Catalunya
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. LIM/UPC - Laboratori d'Enginyeria Marítima
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016/CTM2017-83655-C2-1-R/ES/RUTAS DE ADAPTACION AL CAMBIO CLIMATICO EN LA ZONA COSTERA MEDITERRANEA. SUPERANDO LOS LIMITES DE LA ADAPTABILIDAD/
local.citation.authorSanuy, M.; Rigo, T.; Jimenez, J.A.; Llasat, M.C.
local.citation.publicationNameHydrology and Earth system sciences
dc.description.sdgObjectius de Desenvolupament Sostenible::13 - Acció per al Clima

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Attribution 3.0 Spain
Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license : Attribution 3.0 Spain