A methodological framework for selecting an optimal sediment source within a littoral cell
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One of the most used measures to counteract coastal erosion is beach nourishment. It has advantages with respect to the use of rigid structures that sometimes entail non desired impacts on the surrounding areas. However, beach nourishments are often unsuccessful, requiring frequent refills due to the use of sediments that are not suitable. In this paper, a methodological framework for increasing the probability of success of beach nourishment pro-jects is presented. First, this framework consists of detecting potential borrowing areas, by analysing shoreline evolution and selecting the stretch that shows a more accretive character. Once the borrowing area has been identified, several sand extraction options are defined. The beach response (in terms of erosion and flooding) to each sand extraction alternative is analysed by using two numerical models, which simulate the hydro- morphodynamic patterns in the studied area. The numerical model results allow to find the best extraction alternative, which is that producing the least impact in the borrow area. As an example, the methodology is applied to a stretch of the Catalan coast (NW Mediterranean) to illustrate its potential. The proposed method-ology shows to be a useful tool for helping coastal managers to optimize their available resources.
CitationGracia, V. [et al.]. A methodological framework for selecting an optimal sediment source within a littoral cell. "Journal of environmental management", Octubre 2021, vol. 296, p. 113207:1-113207:15.