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dc.contributor.authorAiello, S
dc.contributor.authorAlbert, Arnauld
dc.contributor.authorAlves Garre, Sergio
dc.contributor.authorZineb, Aly
dc.contributor.authorAmeli, Fabrizio
dc.contributor.authorAndré, Michel
dc.contributor.authorAndroulakis, Giorgos
dc.contributor.authorAnghinolfi, Marco
dc.contributor.authorAnguita, M.
dc.contributor.authorAnton, Gisela
dc.contributor.otherCentre Tecnològic de Vilanova i la Geltrú
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-28T11:55:16Z
dc.date.available2021-06-28T11:55:16Z
dc.date.issued2021-01-01
dc.identifier.citationAiello, S. [et al.]. Architecture and performance of the KM3NeT front-end firmware. "Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems", 1 Gener 2021, vol. 7, núm. 1, p. 016001:1-016001:24.
dc.identifier.issn2329-4221
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/347977
dc.description.abstractThe KM3NeT infrastructure consists of two deep-sea neutrino telescopes being deployed in the Mediterranean Sea. The telescopes will detect extraterrestrial and atmospheric neutrinos by means of the incident photons induced by the passage of relativistic charged particles through the seawater as a consequence of a neutrino interaction. The telescopes are configured in a three-dimensional grid of digital optical modules, each hosting 31 photomultipliers. The photomultiplier signals produced by the incident Cherenkov photons are converted into digital information consisting of the integrated pulse duration and the time at which it surpasses a chosen threshold. The digitization is done by means of time to digital converters (TDCs) embedded in the field programmable gate array of the central logic board. Subsequently, a state machine formats the acquired data for its transmission to shore. We present the architecture and performance of the front-end firmware consisting of the TDCs and the state machine
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherInternational Society for Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Física
dc.subject.lcshOptical detectors
dc.subject.lcshParticles (Nuclear physics)
dc.subject.lcshTelescopes
dc.subject.lcshAstrophysics
dc.subject.otherAtmospheric Cherenkov telescopes
dc.subject.otherClocks
dc.subject.otherControl systems
dc.subject.otherData acquisition
dc.subject.otherField programmable gate arrays
dc.subject.otherLogic
dc.subject.otherPhotons
dc.subject.otherPhysics
dc.subject.otherQuantization
dc.subject.otherTelescopes
dc.titleArchitecture and performance of the KM3NeT front-end firmware
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacDetectors òptics
dc.subject.lemacPartícules (Física nuclear)
dc.subject.lemacTelescopis
dc.subject.lemacAstrofísica
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. LAB - Laboratori d'Aplicacions Bioacústiques
dc.identifier.doi10.1117/1.JATIS.7.1.016001
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/journals/Journal-of-Astronomical-Telescopes-Instruments-and-Systems/volume-7/issue-01/016001/Architecture-and-performance-of-the-KM3NeT-front-end-firmware/10.1117/1.JATIS.7.1.016001.full?SSO=1
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
local.identifier.drac31844336
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.authorAiello, S.; Albert, A.; Alves, S.; Zineb, A.; Ameli, F.; Andre, M.; Androulakis, G.; Anghinolfi, M.; Anguita, M.; Anton, G.
local.citation.publicationNameJournal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems
local.citation.volume7
local.citation.number1
local.citation.startingPage016001:1
local.citation.endingPage016001:24
dc.description.authorshipArticle signat per 248 autors/es: Sebastiano Aiello, Arnauld Albert, Sergio Alves Garre, Zineb Aly, Fabrizio Ameli, Michel Andre, Giorgos Androulakis, Marco Anghinolfi, Mancia Anguita, Gisela Anton, Miquel Ardid, Julien Aublin, Christos Bagatelas, Giancarlo Barbarino, Bruny Baret, Suzan Basegmez du Pree, Anastasios Belias, Meriem Bendahman, Edward Berbee, Ad M. van den Berg, Vincent Bertin, Vincent van Beveren, Simone Biagi, Andrea Biagioni, Matthias Bissinger, Markus Boettcher, Jihad Boumaaza, Mohammed Bouta, Mieke Bouwhuis, Cristiano Bozza, Horea Brânzas, Ronald Bruijn, Jurgen Brunner, Ernst-Jan Buis, Raffaele Buompane, Jose Busto, Barbara Caiffi, David Calvo, Antonio Capone, Victor Carretero, Paolo Castaldi, Silvia Celli, Mohamed Chabab, Nhan Chau, Andrew Chen, Silvio Cherubini, Vitaliano Chiarella, Tommaso Chiarusi, Marco Circella, Rosanna Cocimano, Joao A. B. Coelho, Alexis Coleiro, Marta Colomer Molla, Stephane Colonges, Rosa Coniglione, Imanol Corredoira, Paschal Coyle, Alexandre Creusot, Giacomo Cuttone, Antonio D'Amico, Antonio D’Onofrio, Richard Dallier, Mauro De Palma, Irene Di Palma, Antonio F. Díaz, Didac Diego-Tortosa, Carla Distefano, Alba Domi, Roberto Donà, Corinne Donzaud, Damien Dornic, Manuel Dörr, Doriane Drouhin, Thomas Eberl, Ahmed Eddyamoui, Thijs van Eeden, Daan van Eijk, Imad El Bojaddaini, Dominik Elsaesser, Alexander Enzenhoefer, Victor Espinosa Rosell, Paolo Fermani, Giovanna Ferrara, Miroslav D. Filipovic, Francesco Filippini, Luigi Antonio Fusco, Omar Gabella, Tamas Gal, Alfonso Andres Garcia Soto, Fabio Garufi, Yoann Gatelet, Nicole Geißelbrecht, Lucio Gialanella, Emidio Giorgio, Sara R. Gozzini, Rodrigo Gracia, Kay Graf, Dario Grasso, Giuseppe Grella, Daniel Guderian, Carlo Guidi, Steffen Hallmann, Hassane Hamdaoui, Hans van Haren, Aart Heijboer, Amar Hekalo, Juan J. Hernández-Rey, Jannik Hofestädt, Feifei Huang, Walid Idrissi Ibnsalih, Alin Ilioni, Giulia Illuminati, Clancy W. James, Peter Jansweijer, Maarten de Jong, Paul de Jong, Bouke Jisse Jung, Matthias Kadler, Piotr Kalaczyński, Oleg Kalekin, Uli F. Katz, Nafis R. Khan Chowdhury, Giorgi Kistauri, Frits van der Knaap, Els N. Koffeman, Paul Kooijman, Antoine Kouchner, Michael Kreter, Vladimir Kulikovskiy, Robert Lahmann, Giuseppina Larosa, Remy Le Breton, Ornella Leonardi, Francesco Leone, Emanuele Leonora, Jean Lesrel, Giuseppe Levi, Massimiliano Lincetto, Miles Lindsey Clark, Thomas Lipreau, Alessandro Lonardo, Fabio Longhitano, Daniel Lopez-Coto, Lukas Maderer, Jerzy M. Mańczak, Karl Mannheim, Annarita Margiotta, Antonio Marinelli, Christos Markou, Lilian Martin, Juan A. Martínez-Mora, Agnese Martini, Fabio Marzaioli, Stefano Mastroianni, Safaa Mazzou, Karel W. Melis, Gennaro Miele, Pasquale Migliozzi, Emilio Migneco, Piotr Mijakowski, Luis S. Miranda Palacios, Carlos M. Mollo, Mauro Morganti, Michael Moser, Abdelilah Moussa, Rasa Muller, David Muñoz Pérez, Paolo Musico, Mario Musumeci, Lodewijk Nauta, Sergio Navas, Carlo A. Nicolau, Brian Ó. Fearraigh, Mitchell O’Sullivan, Mukharbek Organokov, Angelo Orlando, Juan Palacios González, Gogita Papalashvili, Riccardo Papaleo, Cosimo Pastore, Alice M. Păun, Gabriela E. Păvălaş, Giuliano Pellegrini, Carmelo Pellegrino, Mathieu Perrin-Terrin, Paolo Piattelli, Camiel Pieterse, Konstantinos Pikounis, Ofelia Pisanti, Chiara Poirè, Vlad Popa, Thierry Pradier, Gerd Pühlhofer, Sara Pulvirenti, Omphile Rabyang, Fabrizio Raffaelli, Nunzio Randazzo, Soebur Razzaque, Diego Real, Stefan Reck, Giorgio Riccobene, Marc Richer, Stephane Rivoire, Alberto Rovelli, Francisco Salesa Greus, Dorothea F. E. Samtleben, Agustin Sánchez Losa, Matteo Sanguineti, Andrea E. Santangelo, Domenico Santonocito, Piera Sapienza, Jan-Willem Schmelling, Jutta Schnabel, Johannes Schumann, Jordan Seneca, Irene Sgura, Rezo Shanidze, Ankur Sharma, Francesco Simeone, Anna Sinopoulou, Bernardino Spisso, Maurizio Spurio, Dimitris Stavropoulos, Jos Steijger, Simona M. Stellacci, Mauro Taiuti, Yahya Tayalati, Enrique Tenllado, Tarak Thakore, Steven Tingay, Ekaterini Tzamariudaki, Dimitrios Tzanetatos, Veronique Van Elewyck, George Vasileiadis, Federico Versari, Salvo Viola, Daniele Vivolo, Gwenhael de Wasseige, Jörn Wilms, Rafał Wojaczyński, Els de Wolf, Dmitry Zaborov, Sandra Zavatarelli, Angela Zegarelli, Daniele Zito, Juan D. de Dios Zornoza, Juan Zúñiga, Natalia Zywucka


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