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dc.contributor.authorHübschmann, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorKleinheinz, Kortine
dc.contributor.authorWagener, Rabea
dc.contributor.authorBernhart, Stephan H.
dc.contributor.authorValencia, Alfonso
dc.contributor.otherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-21T15:36:16Z
dc.date.available2021-05-21T15:36:16Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationHübschmann, D. [et al.]. Mutational mechanisms shaping the coding and noncoding genome of germinal center derived B-cell lymphomas. "Leukemia", 2021,
dc.identifier.issn0887-6924
dc.identifier.issn1476-5551
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/345998
dc.description.abstractB cells have the unique property to somatically alter their immunoglobulin (IG) genes by V(D)J recombination, somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class-switch recombination (CSR). Aberrant targeting of these mechanisms is implicated in lymphomagenesis, but the mutational processes are poorly understood. By performing whole genome and transcriptome sequencing of 181 germinal center derived B-cell lymphomas (gcBCL) we identified distinct mutational signatures linked to SHM and CSR. We show that not only SHM, but presumably also CSR causes off-target mutations in non-IG genes. Kataegis clusters with high mutational density mainly affected early replicating regions and were enriched for SHM- and CSR-mediated off-target mutations. Moreover, they often co-occurred in loci physically interacting in the nucleus, suggesting that mutation hotspots promote increased mutation targeting of spatially co-localized loci (termed hypermutation by proxy). Only around 1% of somatic small variants were in protein coding sequences, but in about half of the driver genes, a contribution of B-cell specific mutational processes to their mutations was found. The B-cell-specific mutational processes contribute to both lymphoma initiation and intratumoral heterogeneity. Overall, we demonstrate that mutational processes involved in the development of gcBCL are more complex than previously appreciated, and that B cell-specific mutational processes contribute via diverse mechanisms to lymphomagenesis.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study has been supported by the German Ministry of Science and Education (BMBF) in the framework of the ICGC MMML-Seq project (01KU1002A-J) the MMML-MYC-SYS project (036166B) and the project ICGC DE-MINING (01KU1505E), the European Union in the framework of the BLUEPRINT Project (HEALTH-F5-2011-282510) and the KinderKrebsInitiative Buchholz/Holm-Seppensen. This work was supported by the BMBF-funded Heidelberg Center for Human Bioinformatics (HD-HuB) within the German Network for Bioinformatics Infrastructure (de.NBI) (#031A537A, #031A537C). Former grant support of MMML by the Deutsche Krebshilfe (2003–2011) is gratefully acknowledged. We acknowledge COSMIC and use of Cancer Gene Census. Part of the work was performed in association with SFB1074 (particularly subproject B1) funded by DFG. We wish to thank Barbara Hutter, Ivo Buchhalter, Zuguang Gu, and Natalie Jäger for skillful technical assistance. We thank the High-Throughput Sequencing Unit of the Genome and Proteome Core Facility and the Omics IT and Data Management Core Facility of the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ, Heidelberg) as well as the Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology (IKMB, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel) for excellent technical support and expertise. DH is a member of the Hartmut Hoffmann-Berling International Graduate School of Molecular and Cellular Biology (HBIGS) and of the MD/PhD-program of the University of Heidelberg. KK and UHT are funded by the Helmholtz International Graduate School for Cancer Research at the German Cancer Research Center. SHB, HK, and SH acknowledge support by LIFE (Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases), Leipzig University. LIFE is funded by the European Union, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), and the Free State of Saxony. This work has been carried out with the help of the Interdisciplinary Bank of Biomaterials and Data of the University Hospital of Würzburg and the Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg (idbw).
dc.format.extent15 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 Spain
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Informàtica::Aplicacions de la informàtica::Bioinformàtica
dc.subject.lcshLymphomas
dc.subject.lcshB cells
dc.subject.lcshGenomes--Research
dc.subject.otherCancer genomics
dc.subject.otherCancer genetics
dc.subject.otherOncogenesis
dc.titleMutational mechanisms shaping the coding and noncoding genome of germinal center derived B-cell lymphomas
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacCàncer -- Aspectes genètics
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41375-021-01251-z
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41375-021-01251-z
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.publicationNameLeukemia
dc.description.authorship"Article signat per 70 autors/es:Daniel Hübschmann, Kortine Kleinheinz, Rabea Wagener, Stephan H. Bernhart, Cristina López, Umut H. Toprak, Stephanie Sungalee, Naveed Ishaque, Helene Kretzmer, Markus Kreuz, Sebastian M. Waszak, Nagarajan Paramasivam, Ole Ammerpohl, Sietse M. Aukema, Renée Beekman, Anke K. Bergmann, Matthias Bieg, Hans Binder, Arndt Borkhardt, Christoph Borst, Benedikt Brors, Philipp Bruns, Enrique Carrillo de Santa Pau, Alexander Claviez, Gero Doose, Andrea Haake, Dennis Karsch, Siegfried Haas, Martin-Leo Hansmann, Jessica I. Hoell, Volker Hovestadt, Bingding Huang, Michael Hummel, Christina Jäger-Schmidt, Jules N. A. Kerssemakers, Jan O. Korbel, Dieter Kube, Chris Lawerenz, Dido Lenze, Joost H. A. Martens, German Ott, Bernhard Radlwimmer, Eva Reisinger, Julia Richter, Daniel Rico, Philip Rosenstiel, Andreas Rosenwald, Markus Schillhabel, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Peter F. Stadler, José I. Martín-Subero, Monika Szczepanowski, Gregor Warsow, Marc A. Weniger, Marc Zapatka, Alfonso Valencia, Hendrik G. Stunnenberg, Peter Lichter, Peter Möller, Markus Loeffler, Roland Eils, Wolfram Klapper, Steve Hoffmann, Lorenz Trümper, ICGC MMML-Seq consortium, ICGC DE-Mining consortium, BLUEPRINT consortium, Ralf Küppers, Matthias Schlesner & Reiner Siebert"


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