Remarkable Thermal Conductivity of Epoxy Composites Filled with Boron Nitride and Cured under Pressure
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Rights accessOpen Access
ProjectMATERIALES TERMOESTABLES AVANZADOS OBTENIDOS MEDIANTE METODOLOGIA CLICK (AEI-MAT2017-82849-C2-2-R)
This work demonstrates that the application of even moderate pressures during cure can result in a remarkable enhancement of the thermal conductivity of composites of epoxy and boron nitride (BN). Two systems have been used: epoxy-thiol and epoxy–diamine composites, filled with BN particles of different sizes and types: 2, 30 and 180 µm platelets and 120 µm agglomerates. Using measurements of density and thermal conductivity, samples cured under pressures of 175 kPa and 2 MPa are compared with the same compositions cured at ambient pressure. The thermal conductivity increases for all samples cured under pressure, but the mechanism responsible depends on the composite system: For epoxy–diamine composites, the increase results principally from a reduction in the void content; for the epoxy–thiol system with BN platelets, the increase results from an improved matrix-particle interface; for the epoxy–thiol system with BN agglomerates, which has a thermal conductivity greater than 10 W/mK at 44.7 vol.% filler content, the agglomerates are deformed to give a significantly increased area of contact. These results indicate that curing under pressure is an effective means of achieving high conductivity in epoxy-BN composites.
CitationMoradi, S. [et al.]. Remarkable Thermal Conductivity of Epoxy Composites Filled with Boron Nitride and Cured under Pressure. "Polymers", Març 2021, vol. 13, núm. 6, p. 955/1-955/18.