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dc.contributor.authorForcada Matheu, Núria
dc.contributor.authorGangolells Solanellas, Marta
dc.contributor.authorCasals Casanova, Miquel
dc.contributor.authorTejedor Herrán, Blanca
dc.contributor.authorMacarulla Martí, Marcel
dc.contributor.authorGaspar Fàbregas, Kàtia
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria de Projectes i de la Construcció
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Tecnologia de l'Arquitectura
dc.identifier.citationForcada, N. [et al.]. Field study on thermal comfort in nursing homes in heated environments. "Energy and buildings", Agost 2021, vol. 244, p. 111032/1-111032/12.
dc.description.abstractConsidering the progressive population aging, the fact that old people spend around 90% of their time indoors and the high energy expenditure of heating systems, thermal comfort in nursing homes should be analysed. The aim of this study is to analyse the thermal comfort during the winter of elderly people living in nursing homes (residents) and compare it with the thermal comfort of caregivers and therapists (non-residents). Longitudinal field measurements were conducted in 25 common rooms of five nursing homes in a Mediterranean climate during the winter, from January to March 2019. Room air temperature (Ta), relative humidity (HR%), mean radiant temperature (Tr) and air velocity (va) were recorded using a Delta Ohm HD32.1 instrument with an anemometer, thermometer and a black globe thermometer. “Right-here-right-now” thermal responses of occupants were collected using a face-to-face questionnaire delivered intermittently. A total of 881 questionnaires were collected and then matched against concurrent indoor and outdoor thermal conditions. The results indicate that residents of nursing homes in the Mediterranean climate were less sensitive to variations in room temperature than therapists and caregivers, and less sensitive than found in previous studies conducted in non-elderly adults. The neutral temperature for residents was 21.6 °C while for caregivers and therapists it was 21.9 °C. The results also showed that clothing adaptation to the activity of caregivers would increase their thermal comfort and might help thermal adaptation to residents’ thermal needs. The modification of temperature setpoints in nursing homes based on the results of this study could influence energy use and should be carefully considered by policy makers and nursing homes’ facility managers.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors thank the International Center on Aging (CENIE), the General Foundation of the University of Salamanca (FGUSAL) and the Programa de Cooperación Interreg V-A España – Portugal (POCTEP) 2014-2020 and the FEDER funds for their financial support of this study under project reference 6/2018_CIE_6. This research was also supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness under R&D project Thecoelen, reference no. PID2019-106777RB-C21. We would also like to thank Sanitas Mayores and specially the Eng. Marc Vallet for providing their nursing homes and helping to collect all the required data. We would also like to extend our appreciation to all the caregivers, maintenance staff and elderly people who participated in this project.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Edificació
dc.subject.lcshBuildings--Environmental aspects
dc.subject.lcshOld age homes
dc.subject.lcshTemperature control
dc.subject.otherThermal comfort
dc.subject.otherElderly people
dc.subject.otherNursing homes
dc.subject.otherThermal acceptance
dc.subject.otherHeated environments
dc.titleField study on thermal comfort in nursing homes in heated environments
dc.subject.lemacTemperatura -- Control
dc.subject.lemacEdificis -- Aspectes ambientals
dc.subject.lemacResidències de persones grans -- Calefacció i ventilació
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. GRIC - Grup de Recerca i Innovació de la Construcció
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
dc.description.versionPostprint (author's final draft)
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MICINN/2PE/ PID2019-106777RB-C21
local.citation.authorForcada, N.; Gangolells, M.; Casals, M.; Tejedor, B.; Macarulla, M.; Gaspar, K.
local.citation.publicationNameEnergy and buildings

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