Universal dimerized quantum droplets in a one-dimensional lattice
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics (AIP)
Rights accessOpen Access
The ground-state properties of two-component bosonic mixtures in a one-dimensional optical lattice are studied both from few- and many-body perspectives. We rely directly on a microscopic Hamiltonian with attractive intercomponent and repulsive intracomponent interactions to demonstrate the formation of a quantum liquid. We reveal that its formation and stability can be interpreted in terms of finite-range interactions between dimers. We derive an effective model of composite bosons (dimers) which correctly captures both the few- and many-body properties and validate it against exact results obtained by the density matrix renormalization group method for the full Hamiltonian. The threshold for the formation of the liquid coincides with the appearance of a bound state in the dimer-dimer problem and possesses a universality in terms of the two-body parameters of the dimer-dimer interaction, namely, scattering length and effective range. For sufficiently strong effective dimer-dimer repulsion we observe fermionization of the dimers which form an effective Tonks-Girardeau state and identify conditions for the formation of a solitonic solution. Our predictions are relevant to experiments with dipolar atoms and two-component mixtures.
CitationMorera, I. [et al.]. Universal dimerized quantum droplets in a one-dimensional lattice. "Physical review letters", 11 Gener 2021, vol. 126, núm. 2, p. 023001:1-023001:6.